23 July 2019 - 9h45
The report of the Observatory of demography, based on the collaboration with the IMSEE and the town hall, has just been made public. The latter presents a demographic assessment of the population of Monegasque nationality exclusively, based on data as of 31 December 2018.
Evolution and structure of the population since 1951, weddings and divorces, birth rate, life expectancy or even acquisition of the Monegasque nationality… These are the broad outlines of the report of the Observatory of demography, set up in 2012, in collaboration with the IMSEE and the town hall. A study strictly focused on the population of Monegasque nationality, resident or not, and which allows to lift the veil on the demographics in the Principality. Starting with the number of Monegasque nationals, which stood at 9,326 as of December 31, 2018. This figure shows a slowdown in annual growth (up 0.7%), which was stabilized between 2014 and 2018 (up 1.1% on average). These variations are in fact related to changes in legislation, the most recent being Law n°1.387 of 2011 which set the naturalization delay by marriage at ten years for women and also allowed men to be naturalized by marriage, with the proviso that they preserve the nationality of origin.
An elderly population
On the other hand, the average age of Monegasques is 44.3 years. An average that is six years higher for women. If the pyramid of the Monegasque ages is atypical, it is because of the substantial number of “entries” from 40 years of age. These are in fact the acquisitions of nationality by marriage and by sovereign ordinance; the old legal framework, where only women could claim citizenship after five years of marriage therefore explains the general imbalance between men and women. In addition, life expectancy at birth reached 85.7 years in 2016-18 (83.6 years for men and 87.9 years for women). Mortality was high in 2018 with 94 Monegasques deceased, a mortality rate (10.1‰) higher than the average observed since 1990 (9.1‰).
Fewer marriages, divorces and births
On the wedding side, 76 were celebrated in 2018. In particular, between 2000 and 2018, more than two out of three marriages bring together a Monegasque spouse and a French spouse; only 6 marriages between two Monegasque spouses were celebrated in 2018. The marriage rate, which amounts to 8.1‰, is therefore lower than the average observed since 2000 (9.5‰). However, 40% of the population is married and, while the number of divorces in 2018 is not yet definitively known, 33 divorces have been counted in 2017, the lowest gross divorce rate recorded in 30 years (3.6‰). The birth rate remains low with 90 births in 2019 and a Synthetic Fertility Index of 1.9 children per woman, the lowest level since 2003.
A nationality obtained mainly by descent
In terms of the method of obtaining nationality, almost two thirds of Monegasques are by descent (74.8% of men and 58.8% of women) while almost one in five Monegasques acquired it by marriage (6.6% of men and 29.2% of women). Monegasques who obtained citizenship by sovereign naturalization ordinance represent 14.3% of the total population. In fact, in 2018, 32 nationality certificates by sovereign naturalization ordinance were recorded (20 men and 12 women), a number higher than all previous years, except in 2013 when 52 acquirements were counted. Finally, as of 31 December 2011, 396 persons could potentially benefit from the Law n°1.387 coming into effect to acquire Monegasque nationality and, as of 31 December 2018, 250 had completed the step, or 63.1%. In comparison, in 2012, 342 non-divorced persons could potentially acquire nationality and 258, as of 31 December 2018, had completed the process, or 75.4%.
© Georges-Olivier Kalifa
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